Race and ethnicity right in the United States

Non-Hispanic Whites made up 57.8% of the population in 2020, making them the country’s dominant racial and ethnic group. Every census-defined region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West) and state, with the exception of Hawaii, has a predominance of White Americans. With a 79% non-Hispanic White population, the Midwest has the highest percentage of any region. The five inhabited U.S. territories are ethnically diverse, despite the fact that they are all fairly homogenous [1].
Middle Eastern Americans, White Americans, or European Americans. someone who has ancestry in any of the native populations of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders of Polynesian, Melanesian, or Micronesian heritage. Native Alaskans or American Indians are those having origins in North, Central, or South America. The majority of Hispanics and Latinos are of Spanish-speaking or Brazilian ancestry [2-4].
The children of African slaves and Native Americans had different repercussions from the political economy of race. In the 19th century, it was relatively easier for someone of mixed Euro-Amerindian descent to be considered as White due to the blood quantum requirement. The child of a White person and an African-American sharecropper was viewed as Black by local communities [5, 6].
Nowadays, a lot of Hispanics call non-Hispanic White Americans or European Americans “Anglos.” People from all over the world have traveled to the United States in the past for political, religious, and economic reasons. The majority of people who identify as African Americans have some European ancestry, according to genetic data [7, 8].
White people who are non-Hispanic make up 60.1% of the population (or 303 million out of 420 million). Most White Hispanics that identify as such are from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and El Salvador. Both citizens and residents of the United States are Black and African Americans. By 2050, the population will be 25% Hispanic or Latino, according to projections made by the Census Bureau.
As of 2019, there were 19.36 million Asian Americans in the country, or 5.9% of the entire population. Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, and Japanese people make up the largest groupings of self-identified Asian Americans. The majority of people live in just 10 states, with nearly one-third of them being in California, New York, and Michigan. There are between 9 million and 10 million Middle Eastern Americans, while the Arab American Institute estimates that figure to be closer to 3.6 million [9].
7.0 million Americans, or 2.3 percent of the population, self-identified as being multiracial in 2008. DNA analysis has revealed that African Americans have European heritage. The bulk of non-European admixture was centered in 30% of the sample, which had a range of 2 to 20% West African ancestry [7, 10, 11].
95% of the 15.0 million people who self-identified as “some other race” were Hispanic or Latino. The non-standard “Other” category in the 2000 census was expressly designed to incorporate replies from persons who identified as Mestizo and Mulatto. Some Americans may be able to trace their roots back to a specific ethnic community or group that once inhabited in Europe, Africa, or Asia.
Generally, Whites who are non-Hispanic made up 57.8% of the population in 2020, making them the majority racial and ethnic group in the nation. According to predictions published by the Census Bureau, the population will be 25% Hispanic or Latino by 2050. Native Americans from North, Central, or South America are also known as American Indians or Native Alaskans. Some Americans may be able to identify a specific ethnic group that formerly lived in Europe, Africa, or Asia as their ancestor [12, 13].
Whites who are non-Hispanic made up 57.8% of the population in 2020, making them the majority racial and ethnic group in the nation. With the exception of Hawaii, every census-defined state and region (Northeast, Midwest, South, West) has a preponderance of White Americans. 19.36 million Asian Americans, or 5.9 percent of the population, were living in the United States as of 2019. The Census Bureau predicts that by 2050, Latinos will make up 25% of the population in the United States. Many Americans may trace their ancestry to a distinct ethnic group that formerly inhabited Europe, Africa, or Asia.
[1] S. S. Baker, Causes of United States Puerto Rican poverty using regional and metropolitan comparisons. Temple University, 1997.
[2]  Q. Spencer, “I—A more radical solution to the race problem,” in Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume, 2019, vol. 93, no. 1: Oxford University Press, pp. 25-48.
[3] M. Meleisea, The Cambridge history of the Pacific islanders. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
[4] G. Y. Okihiro, American History Unbound: Asians and Pacific Islanders. Univ of California Press, 2015.
[5] M. C. Reilly, Archaeology below the cliff: race, class, and redlegs in Barbadian sugar society. Caribbean Archaeology and Ethn, 2019.
[6] J. V. Singler, “The demographics of creole genesis in the Caribbean: A comparison of Martinique and Haiti,” Creole Language Library, vol. 13, pp. 203-232, 1995.
[7] G. E. Fox, Hispanic nation: Culture, politics, and the constructing of identity. University of Arizona Press, 1997.
[8] O. Rodolfo, L. DeSipio, A. Falcon, F. C. Garcia, and J. A. García, Latino Voices: Mexican, Puerto Rican, and Cuban Perspectives on American Politics. Routledge, 2019.
[9] M. V. Vyas, “The Association between Immigration Status and Stroke Incidence, Care and Outcomes,” University of Toronto (Canada), 2021.
[10] J. Lasker, B. J. Pesta, J. G. Fuerst, and E. O. Kirkegaard, “Global ancestry and cognitive ability,” Psych, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 431-459, 2019.
[11] G. L. Wojcik et al., “Genetic analyses of diverse populations improves discovery for complex traits,” Nature, vol. 570, no. 7762, pp. 514-518, 2019.
[12] R. A. Campbell, “Reification, resistance, and transformation? The impact of migration and demographics on linguistic, racial, and ethnic identity and equity in educational systems: an applied approach,” University of South Florida, 2016.
[13] B. K. Smith, “Race as Fiction: How Film and Literary Fictions of Mulatto Identity Have Both Fostered and Challenged Social and Legal Fictions regarding Race in America,” Seton Hall J. Sports & Ent. L., vol. 16, p. 44, 2006.

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