The US population is significantly multiracial, according to improved race and ethnicity policies

The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued guidelines for the 2020 Census in 1997 that used two separate questions (one for race and one for Hispanic or Latino origin) to collect information on the racial and ethnic composition of the U.S. population. For the decennial census, we are certain that integrating race and ethnicity into a single question would ultimately result in an even more accurate picture of how people self-identify [1-3].
The majority race or ethnicity in the country is still White, however since 2010, there has been an 8.6% reduction in the White population alone. Black or African American population growth was outpaced by Some Other Race growth (49.9 million), which climbed by 129 percent (46.1 million). The number of multiracial persons increased from 9 million in 2010 to 33.8 million in 2020 [4-6].
The Hispanic or Latino population increased by 23% between 2010 and 2020. Hispanic and Latino population growth made for more than half (51.1%) of the overall population increase in the United States between 2010 and 2020. Our interactive data visualization has information for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico [7, 8].
White combined population increased by 316 percent since 2010, whilst White alone population fell by 8.6 percent since 2010. Compared to 38.9 million and 12.6 million respectively in 2010, the Black or African American population alone made up 12.4% of all individuals residing in the United States in 2020. The combined population of American Indians and Alaska Natives rose by 160%. Between 2010 and 2020, the population of just the Asian region increased by 35.5%. Compared to 540,013 persons (0.2 percent) in the 2010 Census, 689,966 people (or just Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders) self-identified as such in the 2020 Census [9-11].
The population of Some Other Racial, which made up 15.1% of the total, was the second-largest race group either taken individually or collectively. Between 2010 and 2020, the population of Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders increased on their own by 27.8%. Learn hints and techniques for using Census Bureau data and for accessing, visualizing, and using it [12-14].
More than any of the groupings based only on race, the percentage of persons who claimed several races changed. A shift of nearly 1,000 percent occurred in the Multiracial population between 2010 and 2020, with 17.6 million more White and Other Race persons joining it. A 1.1 million-person rise, or a 65.8% growth, in the White and Asian population was recorded. From 2010 to 2020, there were 20.3 million persons of Hispanic or Latino ancestry who reported having more than one race, a 567 percent increase (32.7 percent ). With a 41.7 percent increase from 2010, there were 26.2 million persons (42.2%) in 2020 who solely identified as being of some other race [15-17].
In summary, the main race or ethnicity in the nation is still White, although since 2010, the White population alone has decreased by 8.6 percent. Some Other Race population growth, which increased by 128 percent, exceeded Black or African American population growth (46.1 million). Native Hawaiians and residents of other Pacific Islands rose by 27.8% on their own. Native Alaskans and American Indians made up a 160 percent increase in population. In 2020, there were 26.2 million people who only identified as coming from a different race.
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[3] E. C. Grieco, E. M. Grieco, and R. C. Cassidy, Overview of race and Hispanic origin, 2000 (no. 2). US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US …, 2001.
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[6] D. A. Rodriguez, A future for the Latino church: Models for multilingual, multigenerational Hispanic congregations. InterVarsity Press, 2011.
[7] S. S. Virani et al., “Heart disease and stroke statistics—2021 update: a report from the American Heart Association,” Circulation, vol. 143, no. 8, pp. e254-e743, 2021.
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[9] K. Pollard and L. A. Jacobsen, “The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey. Chartbook,” Appalachian Regional Commission, 2016.
[10] K.-L. K. Sakuma et al., “Racial/ethnic disparities across indicators of cigarette smoking in the era of increased tobacco control, 1992–2019,” Nicotine and Tobacco Research, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 909-919, 2021.
[11] U. Ladabaum, A. Mannalithara, P. A. Myer, and G. Singh, “Obesity, abdominal obesity, physical activity, and caloric intake in US adults: 1988 to 2010,” The American journal of medicine, vol. 127, no. 8, pp. 717-727. e12, 2014.
[12] T. R. Hall and K. Brown, “Diversity in radiology: the right thing to do, the smart thing to do,” Pediatric Radiology, pp. 1-8, 2022.
[13] K. L. Nadal, Filipino American psychology: A handbook of theory, research, and clinical practice. John Wiley & Sons, 2020.
[14] J. A. Garcia and G. R. Sanchez, Latino politics in America: Community, culture, and interests. Rowman & Littlefield, 2021.
[15] J. Lee and F. D. Bean, “America’s changing color lines: Immigration, race/ethnicity, and multiracial identification,” Annual review of sociology, pp. 221-242, 2004.
[16] A. Appiah, “The uncompleted argument: Du Bois and the illusion of race,” Critical inquiry, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 21-37, 1985.
[17] D. R. Harris and J. J. Sim, “Who is multiracial? Assessing the complexity of lived race,” American sociological review, pp. 614-627, 2002.

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