Minority right discrimination in US

The US House of Representatives is holding a hearing on the Tulsa Race Massacre and its implications for human rights. Viola Fletcher, the eldest survivor of the murder, declares, “I have lived through the killing every day.” The US continues to fall short of its commitments, particularly in the area of racial justice. While overall poverty declined, there has been no reduction in the income difference between Blacks and Whites since 1968 [1-5].
Poverty and Inequality
Data from the Census Bureau show that US billionaires’ total wealth climbed from $2.9 trillion in March 2020 to $4.7 trillion in July 2021. The majority of US people received $1,400 payouts under the March 11-enacted American Rescue Plan. Following the start of monthly payments under the enlarged Child Tax Credit, food insecurity among adults with children also decreased [6, 7].
Criminal Legal System
The world’s highest rates of incarceration for criminal charges continue to be in the US. The Covid-19 virus, which has infected one-third of all inmates in US jails, has resulted in the deaths of over 2,700 people. Black and Brown communities have suffered greatly as a result of US drug laws’ criminalization-first strategy, which ignores the root causes of overdoses [8-10].
Health and Human Rights
With 676,000 fatalities, Covid-19 became the worst infectious illness outbreak in US history. Black and brown individuals were more likely to incur severe disease and death from the virus, which had an influence on how people experienced the pandemic due to structural racism. The nation struggled with unfounded claims of widespread electoral fraud, continuous repression, and the deprivation of voting rights for people of color [11, 12].
Climate Change Policy and Impacts
The United States’ national climate plan’s emissions reduction objective is insufficient to achieve the Paris Agreement’s ambition of keeping global warming to 1.5°C over pre-industrial levels. Warming would reach slightly under 2°C if all nations made pledges in the same ballpark, posing a grave threat to human rights. Those who are marginalized in the United States are disproportionately affected by heatwaves, hurricanes and other extreme weather events connected to the environment. [13-15].
Women’s and Girls’ Health and Rights
High rates of maternal and cervical cancer were caused by a lack of health insurance and care. Most US states have harmful laws that require minors to consult with a parent before getting an abortion. Lack of community-based support systems for mental health crises contributed to the persistence of police violence against disabled Black and Latinx persons [16-19].
Foreign Policy
The United States was re-elected to the UN Human Rights Council and returned to the Paris Climate Accord as well as the World Health Organization. The United States promised to stop selling offensive weapons to Saudi Arabia and the UAE, but continued to seek arms transactions with both countries. While lifting sanctions against top ICC officials, the Biden administration rejected ICC inquiries that may have focused on US and Israeli citizens [20-22].
Totally the economic gap between Blacks and Whites has not decreased since 1968, despite the fact that overall poverty has decreased. Police violence against handicapped Black and Latinx people continued because there were no community-based support mechanisms for mental health crises. Under the March 11-enacted American Rescue Plan, the majority of US citizens got $1,400 reimbursements.
[1] A. Albright, J. A. Cook, J. J. Feigenbaum, L. Kincaide, J. Long, and N. Nunn, “After the burning: The economic effects of the 1921 Tulsa race massacre,” National Bureau of Economic Research, 2021.
[2] G. S. Stephenson, “Were it Not for Tulsa: How the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre Influenced the Desegregation of the American Educational System,” Tulsa L. Rev., vol. 57, p. 111, 2021.
[3] A. Coretz, “Reparations for a public nuisance? The effort to compensate survivors, victims, and descendants of the Tulsa race massacre one hundred years later,” Cardozo L. Rev., vol. 43, p. 1641, 2021.
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[6] W. Winegarden, “Promoting Economic Recovery Through Entrepreneurship Not Government,” 2021.
[7] S. P. Keehan et al., “National Health Expenditure Projections, 2019–28: Expected Rebound In Prices Drives Rising Spending Growth: National health expenditure projections for the period 2019–2028,” Health Affairs, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 704-714, 2020.
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[12] S. Hai-Jew, “What a Modern Cyber Messaging War Looks Like: The Peculiar Case of Vaccine Reluctance in the COVID-19 Pandemic and Apparent US Government Policy,” in Handbook of Research on Cyber Approaches to Public Administration and Social Policy: IGI Global, 2022, pp. 380-419.
[13] R. Clémençon, “The two sides of the Paris climate agreement: Dismal failure or historic breakthrough?,”  vol. 25, ed: SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA, 2016, pp. 3-24.
[14] C. A. Tracker, “Warming projections global update,” Climate Analytics and New Climate Institute. Climateactiontracker. org, 2021.
[15] R. Falkner, “The Paris Agreement and the new logic of international climate politics,” International Affairs, vol. 92, no. 5, pp. 1107-1125, 2016.
[16] S. K. Henshaw and K. Kost, “Parental involvement in minors’ abortion decisions,” Family Planning Perspectives, pp. 196-213, 1992.
[17] G. A. Akerlof, J. L. Yellen, and M. L. Katz, “An analysis of out-of-wedlock childbearing in the United States,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 277-317, 1996.
[18] S. Power, “The can-do power: America’s advantage and Biden’s chance,” Foreign Aff., vol. 100, p. 10, 2021.
[19] G. Rose, “Foreign Policy for Pragmatists: How Biden Can Learn from History in Real Time,” Foreign Aff., vol. 100, p. 48, 2021.
[20] S. Joseph, Blame it on the WTO: a human rights critique. Oxford University Press, 2013.
[21] P. Sikka, “Accounting for human rights: The challenge of globalization and foreign investment agreements,” Critical Perspectives on Accounting, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 811-827, 2011.
[22] K. Horta, “Rhetoric and reality: Human rights and the World Bank,” Harv. Hum. Rts. J., vol. 15, p. 227, 2002.

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